Medical And Operative therapies for urology diseases

Medical And Operative therapies for urology diseases

The subject of incontinence is part of our medical team’s daily routine. The most modern methods the urologo CDMX used for diagnosis and therapy are:

Medical therapy

A wide variety of very effective drugs, especially for the treatment of urge incontinence, are available (oxybutynin, trospium chloride, propiverine hydrochloride, tolterodine, darifenacin, solifenacin and fesoterodine), which sometimes differ significantly from one another in terms of administration form, efficiency and undesirable effects. Local estrogens can also improve the symptoms of urgency.

Operative therapy

Incontinence Surgery in Men

Every man can be affected by incontinence. That depends on various factors, most notably age and previous operations. In men, involuntary urine leakage often occurs as a result of prostate surgery (e.g. prostatectomy) or after other pelvic surgery. After exhausting the conservative treatment options such as targeted pelvic floor training and drug therapy, various surgical options to restore the holding power can be considered.

Tapes:

One of the most common methods of correcting male incontinence after surgery is the implantation of a so-called AdvanceĀ® band. Here, a band is drawn in below the urethra, which brings the urethra back into its original anatomical position and thus enables the sphincter to be operated correctly again. The prerequisite for this is an intact sphincter muscle and only mild to moderate incontinence.

Adjustable Belt / cushion system:

In addition to the implantation of an artificial urinary bladder sphincter, there are other surgical treatment options depending on the cause, severity and accompanying circumstances.

An innovative and gentle treatment for incontinence after surgery on the prostate is the implantation of an ATOMS system. This is a proven, adjustable sphincter support system (AMI), which is implanted in a minimally invasive manner over a single approximately five cm long skin incision between the scrotum and anus under anesthesia or spinal cord anesthesia. The advantages are the long-term adjustability, which can also be done several times in coordination with the patient even after months without anesthesia by simple needle puncture, and its usability for almost all degrees of stress urinary incontinence in men, even after radiation.

Artificial sphincter

An artificial sphincter – also called an artificial sphincter – is used to treat severe forms of urinary incontinence. An artificial sphincter usually consists of three components: a cuff around the urethra, a pump in the scrotum, and a reservoir. The artificial sphincter has a high success rate. 75 to 90 percent of patients are continent after implantation of an artificial sphincter.

Depending on the degree of urinary incontinence, the manual and mental abilities, the residual function of the sphincter and the wishes of those affected, the selection of the optimal therapy method is made. The gold standard is the artificial sphincter, which has been implanted in a continuously modified and improved form since around 1980. The artificial sphincter or artificial sphincter from Boston Scientific (AMS 800) consists of three functional units that are connected to one another by a hose system:

  • A cuff around the urethra
  • Pump that regulates the filling level of the cuff
  • Reservoir that is filled with water or contrast medium.
  • The artificial sphincter muscle or artificial sphincter from ZSI (Zephyr 375) combines the reservoir with the pump in one, so there is no need to create a reservoir in the lower abdomen.

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